What is Scripting Language? Popular Scripting Languages

What is Scripting Language? Popular Scripting Languages – Java, JavaScript, VBScript, PERL, DHTML, XML, XHTML, WML, The .NET Platform , Web Page Authoring Software

Scripting Languages

A type of language used to write scripts is called scripting language. Scripting languages are used with interpreter. It mean that a program developed with a scripting language must be run in the environment that contain the interpreter of scripting language. It can not be executed as a stand alone application. Scripting language is easy to learn.
Different scripting languages are as follows:


Java is a popular object oriented programming language. It was developed by Sun Microsystem. It is used to write stand alone applications, applets and servlets. Java source code is compiled into bytecode instead of object code. Bytecode can not be executed by operating system. It is executed by Java Interpreter.
The code use to create Java application is called JavaBeans or Beans. It is a platform independent and can run on different types of computers or operating systems.


JavaScript is an interpreted language that is used to add dynamic content in web pages. It is used to include messages, scrolling text, animations, menu, pop-up windows etc. JavaScript is directly embedded in HTML.
JavaScript was developed by Sun Microsystems and Netscape Communicator. It is an open language. It can be used without purchasing. Netscape supports JavaScript and Internet Explorer supports JScript. JScript is a subject of JavaScript.


VBScript is an interpreted language that is used to add dynamic contents in a web pages. It is used to add dynamic content in web pages. It is used to include messages, scrolling text, animations, menu, pop-up windows etc. VBScript is directly embedded in HTML.


PERL stands for Practical Extraction and Report Language. It was developed by Larry Wall at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. It is a powerful language for writing scripts.


DHTML stands for Dynamic Hyper Text Markup Language. It is used to add dynamic contents and interactivity in web pages. It is used to apply colors and add animations etc. It uses Documents Object Model (DOM), style sheets and scripting languages.

Document Object Model: It defines the content of web page and objects. It considers fonts, graphics, and tables as objects.
Style Sheet: Style sheet contain the characteristics ot a document. Cascading style sheet
contains the formatting details of each object in the document. Different style sheets can be used for applying different formatting to different objects.
Scripting Language: Scripting language is used to munipulates the object as different events occur.


XML stands for Extensible Markup Language. It allows developers to create customized tags. It is used to sent complete record from server to the client that reduces network traffic. It can be used to create a link that points to multiple websites. It uses Extensible Stylesheet Language (XLS) as its style sheet specification.


XHTML stands for Extensible Hypertext Markup Language. It combines the formatting strengths of HTML 4.0 and the data structure and extensibility strengths of XML. It uses the tags and attributes of HTML along with syntax of XML. The first version of XHTML was released in 2000. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) sets the standards for XHTML and other internet languages.


WML stands for wireless markup language. It is used to design web pages for microbrowser. It is mostly used for handheld computers cellular telephones and pagers. It uses Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) as standard. WAP defines how wireless devices communicate with the Web.

The .NET Platform

.NET Platform is created by Microsoft. It is used to develop applications with XML Web Services. These services are used to share data between Web Applications created in any programming language and any operating system. It provides easier way of communication.
.NET applications run under any web browser and any type of .NET compliant smart client. A computer or a device that can access XML Web Services is called .NET Compliant Smart Client. Different .NET compliant smart clients are personal computers, notebooks, handheld computers, web enabled telephones, tablet PC and Xbox.
Tablet PC is a mobile computer that uses Windows XP operating system. It supports pen input and provide voice recognition facility. Xbox is video game console. It provides the facility to update games regularly. It allows interacting with other games via broadband internet connection.
Visual Studio .NET (VS .NET) is a set of tools to develop applications for .NET Platform. It provides editors for cascading style sheets, XML and HTML. It supports more than 25 programming languages. Visual Basic .NET (VB .NET), Visual C++ .NET and Visual C# .NET are three popular languages.

Web Page Authoring Software

Web page Authoring Software is used to develop web pages with graphical images, video, audio, animations, etc. It is also called HTML editor. It also generates HTML tags as the user design web pages. HTML tags can be customized to modify the look of web page. Popular web page Authoring Software are Macromedia Dreamweaver, Microsoft FrontPage, Adobe GoLive and Macromedia Flash.

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